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The genealogical history of the families given in this volume and appended charts is from the records in Baltimore City, Annapolis, Md., and Martinsburg, W. Va. It was traced by means of wills and deeds.

The early members were among the first settlers of the Maryland Colony. Each male member was con- stantly under arms ready for military service. The tenure of land by grants from the Lord Proprietor, Lord Baltimore, was drawn in recognition of this ser- vice. The exposure and hardships, encounters with Savages, numerous and unrecorded in many cases,

have left impressions of true patriotism worthy of commemoration.

Our ancestry, a gallant Christian race,

Patterns of every virtue, every grace.


The name of Chenoweth is of Welsh origin. It ap- pears in Sir Bernard Burk's General Armory, England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, page 189, the 1883 edition, viz: ‘‘Chenouth, descended from John Trevelisick, County Cornwall, who gave to his youngest son, John, a piece of land, whereon he built a castle called, in Cornish language, Chenoweth, whose descendants were always called Chenouth. The elder line afterwards failed of issue and their lands came to the younger branch, who still continue the adopted surname. John Traversick, his arms, Vist. 1620, SA. on a Fass. OR. Three Cornish choughs heads ppr.”

The transition of the escutcheon to Chenoweth is ue- noted in a later book on armorial bearings: ‘SA. ona Fasse.OR. Three griffins’ heads, erased gules.” This is practically same as the Trevelisick arms, with a change to griffins heads in place of choughs.

The name of John appears to be the family name for the oldest son. Joun CHENOWETH came to this country from Wales in 1700. and settled in Baltimore County, Maryland. His wife was a Calvert, the daughter of the third Lord Baltimore. The records show that ArTHUR CHENOWETH, Sr., and RicHarp CHENOWETH, his sons, acquired land about 1741. They were the child-


The Chenoweths

ren of this John Chenoweth. Besides the two sons of John Chenoweth, there were two daughters. One mar- ried a Cecil, another married a Dorsey.

ARTHUR CHENOWETH, Sr., the son of John Chenoweth, received a grant of land, in the year 1741, of 43 acres in Baltimore County. This tract of land was called ‘¢ Arthur’s Lot.” In the year 1747 he received another grant of 240 acres adjoining, called ‘‘ Arthur’s Addition.” These tracts of land are recorded in the Land Office at Annapolis, Maryland. In the year 1763 he received a tract adjoining the last, consisting of 20 acres. This grant was made by Frederick, Absolute Lord and Pro- prietary of the Province of Maryland and Avalon, Lord Baron of Baltimore, ete., signed by Horatio Sharpe, Esq., Lieutenant General and Chief Governor, with the great seal of Lord Baltimore attached. I have the original document on parchment in my possession. This valuable heirloom shows that Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., had performed honorable military services as an officer, defending the colony prior to the date of the grant, which was in the year 1763. He was with the army, under General Broadhead and Lord Dunmore, in the attack on Fort Duquesne. He was the first re- ceiver of taxes when Baltimore became a town. (See


‘Chronicles of Baltimore,” by Scharf, page 196.) Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., was at that time a mill owner. The date of the appointment was 1782.

RicHARD CHENOWETH, a brother, acquired land in the



The Chenoweths

year 1746. (See Baltimore records I. B., No. E., page 222.) Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., gave to each child, as a gift, a tract of land during his life. The names of the children, with the transfers, are on record in Baltimore City.

The following are transcripts of each heading:

‘« Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., to his son, Samuel Cheno- weth” (Baltimore, liber W. G., No, A. A., page 35, year 1787). ‘‘Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., to his son,

Thomas Chenoweth” (liber W. G., No. A. A., page

240, 1787). ‘‘Arthur Chenoweth, Sr. to his son, John Chenoweth, tract named Gilliad” (liber A. L, No. B., pages ror, 102, 1768). ‘‘ Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., to his son, Arthur, Jr.,” (liber B., No. I., page 337, 142, 1761). Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., died in April, 1802, leaving a will recorded in Orphans’ Court, in Balti- more City. “In this will he mentions the names of Rich- ard, Samuel, Thomas, Ruth and Hannah. As he had given his other children most of his estate during his life, personal property only remained consisting of slaves.

Joun CHENOWETH, Jr., and Samuel Chenoweth mar- ried sisters, children of William Cromwell, of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. John Chenoweth married Hannan CromwELt about the year 1765. Recordsat An- napolis, Maryland, liber I. B., No. 1, 1768. John Cheno- weth and his wife, Hannah Cromwell, sell a tract of land

called ‘‘Cromwell’s Purchase.”” The additional account-

ing filed by executors of William Cromwell, Noy. roth,



The Chenowcths

1760, show that Hannah was a minor in the year 1760.

The marriage occured about the year 1795. SaMUEL CurnoweTu married Patience CromwELL; she died prior to the year 1736. The records in Baltimore City show (liber W. G., No. Y., page 713) Samuel Chenoweth and his wife, Elizabeth, whose maiden name was EuizapeTH Murray, the widow of Stephen Cromwell (this was Samuel’s second wife), sold a tract of land; the same tract of land conveyed by gift from Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., to his son Samuel.

John Chenoweth and his wife, Hannah Cromwell, sold, in the year 1786, a tract of land called ‘Gilliad”’ to William Bell, of Philadelphia; the same tract con- veyed by gift from Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., to his son John. (See records Baltimore, liber W. G., No. C., page 160). These transfers connect John Chenoweth and Samuel Chenoweth directly with Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., and the family of William Cromwell, of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. John Chenoweth served in the wars prior to the Revolution under General Dun- more. My grandfather, who was JohnChenoweth, Jr., a son, has often given an account of the exploits and adventures of his father while engaged in defending the colony, and afterwards as a Revolutionary soldier. These accounts are fresh in the minds of his grand- children to-day. John Chenoweth, Sr., enlisted in Richard Davis Company, Col. Rawling’s Regiment;

his term of service was for three years. He became


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The Chenowcths

sergeant of his company, was attached to the 4th Mary- land Regiment at White Plains, New York, September gth, 1773, and received his discharge August gth, 1779. The history of Col. Rawling’s Regiment is one that stands first in the hearts of every true patriot. . They suffered severely at the Battle of Fort Washington, the very spot on which I established a homestead 114 years after the memorable engagement. My great grand- father was captured in battle by the British forces, at half past one o’clock, November 16th, 1776. He was exchanged soon afterwards and participated in numer- ous hard-fought battles. The records at Annapolis Department of State, and Department of State, Wash- ington, have the account of John Chenoweth and his service. P

John Chenoweth married Hannah Cromwell. His brother married Patience Cromwell, a sister. They moved from Baltimore about 1793. Samuel's wife, Patience Cromwell, died before he and Samuel moved to Virginia, and Samuel married Elizabeth Cromwell, the widow of Stephen Cromwell, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Murray. (See Records Baltimore, 1786, W. G., No. Y., page 713.)

Stephen Cromwell was a first cousin of Hannah and

Patience, a son of Joseph Cromwell. The two brothers~

established homesteads in Berkeley county, Virginia, now West Virginia. Rock Hall, the homestead of John Chenoweth, was


The Chenoweths

located at Darksville. Samuel located at South Moun- tain, near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, same State.

The house built by John Chenoweth at Darksville is still standing. The material was brought from England.

Hannah Cromwell Chenoweth never received her full portion of her father’s estate. The Revolutionary war and the uncertain condition of the affairs of the colony, engaged in war, were accountable for this neglect.

Her uncle, Joseph Cromwell, was the executor of her father’s estate and a brother of her father’s, who died in 1758.

Joseph Cromwell died in October, 1769. In his will he instructed his executors, who were his sons Nathan and Jose;h Cromwell, and one Joseph Taylor, to see that his brother William's estate be properly settled up. There was at this time a tract of land, called ‘‘ Huckle- berry Forest,” to be divided between six children. This was never done. ‘This tract of land is south of Furnace Creek, near Glenburnie, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. This land is not very valuable; probably worth $40 per acre. The tract of land that produced the greatest amount of discussion was an en- tailed interest in a tract of land called ‘* Mascol’s Hope” and ‘‘Cromwell’s Adventure,” 450 acres. The history of these tracts dates back to 1684, when it was be- queathed by William Cromwell to his son William, who, in turn, sold it to Thomas Foster, 140 acres (see record Baltimore, liber C. R. M., No. H. S., 1708), in violation


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| | |

, * The Chenoweths

of the will. The remainder, 310 acres, was sold to Richard Cromwell, a cousin. This William mentioned this sale in his will, and instructs his son, William Cromwell, Hannah Cromwell’s father, to make good the title. I point this out for those interested in order to explain and account for the traditions in regard to the probable recovery of land in Baltimore County.

After an examination the readers can judge if they are interested in any way.

I will show my connection with John Chenoweth and Hannah Cromwell:

Their children, named by will of John Chenoweth, probated in 1820 and recorded in the County Court (the will was drawn in 1814 at Martinsburg, West Virginia) :

John Chenoweth, Jr.; b. 1770; d. 1865.

Richard B.

Sarah Taylor.

Ruth Oufett. A

Arthur, a. 1827, Greencastle, Pa.


Cloe Strodes.

Hannah Harris, the wife of George Harris.

Joun CHENOWETH, Jr., was my grandfather. He mar- ried Mary Davenport, of Charlestown, Jefferson, County, Virginia.

Mary Davenport was born in Charlestown, Jefferson


The Chenoweths

County, Virginia, about 1775. She was a sister of Judge John Davenport, of Ohio, who was a representative in Congress from 1827 to 1829 from Ohio. She had a sister, Mrs. Cordelia Blackwell, wife of John W. Black- well, of Virginia; also another sister, Kittie Fickland, the wife of James G. Fickland, of Fredericksburg, Virginia. She died at Green Castle, Indiana, in the year 1865, and was buried there. John Chenoweth, Jr., received two large plantations from his father, as his portion of his father’s estate, during the latter’s lifetime. (Shown on the records at Martinsburg, West Virginia.) The plantation was called ‘‘ Stoney Mead,” located about nine miles from Martinsburg, West Virginia, by Falling Waters Church. The plantation, being hilly, was call- ed ‘‘ Bunker Hill,” in all probability in commemoration of the memorable battle fought during the War of the Revolution. Strange to relate, on this plantation the first encounter took place after the fall of Sumpter, in the War of the Great Rebellion. The occurence is fresh in my memory. When quite a boy troops, com- manded by General Paterson, from Philadelphia, oc- cupied ‘‘ Bunker Hill.” Pickets were posted on this plantation, and I remember being present when the pickets were driven in, and hearing their account of the first attack on the lines so recently invested by the Union forces. The War of the Rebellion made the plantation untenable for John Chenoweth and his wife, Mary. They took up their home in Green Castle, Indiana, and


The Chenoweths

died in 1865, just at the close of the war, and were buried in Green Castle.

John Chenoweth, Jr., left a will recorded in Green Castle, year 1865. Their children were:

Ellen; b. Aug., 1802; d. ' Hannah Cromwell; b. Jan., 1804; d.

John W.; b. Dec., 1806; d.

Alfred G.; b. Feb., 1809; d

George Davenport; b. Aug. 13, 1811; d May 18, 1880 (my father).

Rebecca; b March, 1817; d.

Mary D.; b. September, 1819; d.——

Richard W.; b. July 21, 1821.

Benjamin D.; b. 1827 (Major 21st Texas Cavalry in War of Rebellion).

Margaret; b. 1829; died young.

Grorce Davenport CHENOWETH married FRANCES Ann Crawrorp. The marriage certificate gives the place and date of marriage: ‘‘ This will certify that on the twenty-fifth day of June, 1846, in the County of Bur- lington and State of New Jersey, George D. Chenoweth, of one part, and Frances S. Crawford, of the other, having agreed and covenanted to live together as man and wife, and having plighted the solemn vows of duty and affection, were by me united in the honorable and sacred bonds of lawful matrimony.

‘“*L. RusiinG, Minister of the Gospel.”


The Chenoweths

This marriage took place at Mr. William Bryan’s residence, Pemberton, New Jersey.

George Davenport Chenoweth, my father, was an active and prominent advocate of Methodism. He was appointed Disbursing Officer of the General Post Office Department, Washington, D. C., by President U. S. Grant. * He died May 18, 1880, and was buried in Oak Lawn Cemetery, Georgetown, D. C., a part of Washing- ton. His wife, my mother, survives. Their children:

George Davenport Chenoweth; b. Oct. 30th, 1847.

Alexander Crawford Chenoweth; b. June 5, 1899.

Mary Davenport Chenoweth; b. Nov. 12, 1851.

Elizabeth, b. May 7, 1857

ALEXANDER CRAWFORD CHENOWETH married Karna- RINE RicHARDSON Woop, the daughter of Hon. Fernando Wood, who was Mayor of the City of New York in 1856, 1857, 1860, 1861; Representative in Congress 1841, 1843, 1863, 1865; 1867, 1881; died Feb. 13, 188. Their children:

Maud; b. Mar. 24, 1881; d. Aug. 22, 1882.

Alexander Fernando Wood; b. Oct. 8th, 1883.

Katharine, b. Sept. 22, 1886; d. May 5, 1892.



The first record in Maryland of the Cromwells ap- pears in Ledger 12, dated March 11th, 1671. (‘‘The Benoni Eaton brought into the Colony to-day one Wiiiiam Cromwe 1, and his brother John”). This record is to be found in the Land Office of Annapolis, Maryland. William Cromwell appeared in America earlier, as the records show he purchased land prior to this date. ‘‘ William Cromwell, from George Yates, liber 16, folio 151, 300 acres, called ‘‘Cromwell’s Ad- venture.”

William Cromwell had two brothers, John Cromwell and Richard Cromwell, as shown by his will, probated in 1684. He also had a sister Edith, who married Christopher Gist. This marriage is mentioned in a will of Christopher Gist recorded in Superior Court, Baltimore. (Liber R. M. H. S., folio 331.)

General Gist, of Revolutionary fame, was descended from Edith Cromwell and Christopher Gist, her hus- band. The Maryland Cromwells are direct descendants of Morgan Williams, an ancient and honorable family dating back one thousand years, well known in England. Morgan Williams married Elizabeth Cromwell, sister of Lord Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex. This Thomas Cromwell was beheaded in the Tower of London in the


The Cromwvctls

year 1540, July 28. Morgan Williams and his wife, Elizabeth Cromwell, had a son who was called Sir Richard Cromwell, alias Williams. He always used the name of Cromwell after this, and the oldest member of the Cromwell family was called William to perpetuate the old family name. Sir Oliver Cromwell, of Hinchen Brook, a grandson of Sir Henry Cromwell, is the an- cestor from whence the Maryland Cromwells are de- scended. Sir Oliver Cromwell was the uncle of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, and the grandfather of William Cromwell, of Maryland, and his brothers and sister before mentioned. The history of Virginia, written by John Bush, published in 1804, vol. 1, page 340, mentions Sir Oliver Cromwell as an in- vestor in the Virginia Company; also his son, Henry Cromwell, Esq. This was in 1620. This son Henry came to Maryland, as shown by sailing lists of investors in the Virginia who came to Virginia (Bush, Virginia, page 341). There are numerous reasons to believe that this Henry Cromwell was the father of the Maryland Cromwells. He visited this country and, being an in- vestor in the Virginia Trading Company, William, his son, who came over, was active in trading and owned several vessels. William Cromwell and his brothers had money to purchase land, and they at once took a high position in the affairs of the colony. William Cromwell became a member of the Legislative Council of the Lord Proprietor. Lord Baltimore was active in


The Cromwells

promoting trade with the colony. (See archives of Maryland, year 1683.) John and Richard Cromwell lived first in Calvert County, then moved away. Rich- ard and John, sons, remained in Maryland. William Cromwell was married twice. Of his first marriage little is known. His second wife is mentioned in his will as Elizabeth Trahearne. The will of William Crom- well was recorded in June, 1884. He mentions two chil- dren by name, William and Thomas. The names of his other children were Joshua and Phillip. The son Joshua is mentioned in the will of Richard Cromwell by name. Richard Cromwell wasa cousin. Phillip is mentioned in the will of Col. William Ashman, who was a half brother. After the death of William Cromwell, Sr., his wife mar- ried Geoge Ashman. The clause in William Cromwell's will, where he leaves his property to his son William, is the probable origin of the tradition of land in Balti- more County belonging to the heirs of William Cromwell.

Children of William Cromwell:

William Cromiell; b. 1678; d. 1735.

Thomas Cromwell.



WiLiiaAM CromweELt, the second, was married prior to the year 1708, as the records show that Mary, the wife of William Cromwell, united with her husband in selling the rgoacres of land entailed. This Mary was probably

.a Mary Howard, of Baltimore County.

i VORA forts at ed

fh S

The Cromwells

The question arises: How could William sell this property, as he had a life interest only. The record of this sale—William Cromwell to Thomas Foster, year 1708—can be found in liber C. R. M., No. H. S., page 613, Baltimore City. William, the second, died in 1735. He practically cut off his eldest son, William, on account of this sale to Thomas Foster and Richard Cromwell, a relative. Hisson William was not to receive any portion of this estate unless he made good the title to this prop- erty, which he could not do. His children were.

Wilham, d. 1758.

Joseph; b. Aug. 21, 1707; d. Oct. 12, 1769.


Woolgutst; a. 1793.

Wittiam Cromwe.., the third, was born prior to 1707, and died 1758. He married, for his first wife, Constant Wilmott, of Baltimore, a daughter of John Wilmott. (See will of John Wilmott, probated 1748, liber 1, page 418; mentions a daughter Constant, the wife of William Cromwell.) The Wilmotts were de- scended from an ancient and honorable family from England. William Cromwell was married the second time about the year 1750. The records show that William Cromwell and his wife, Charity Ashman, sold a piece of land called Milford. (See liber T. R., No. D., folio 25, Aug., 1750). William Cromwell, the third, was a prominent planter, and owned several sailing vessels. He acquired land and died in 1728, leaving a


ee: Ee er


The Cromwells

will which was probated at Annapolis in the year 1758. His children were:

Paticnce, who married Samuel Chenoweth, a son of Arthur Chenoweth, Sr.

Philomen, a son, who died early.

Hannah, who married John Chenoweth, a son of Arthur Chenoweth, Sr., of Baltimore.

Capt. William Cromiell.


Mrs. Ashman.

The records at Annapolis, Maryland, show that John Chenoweth and his wife, Hannah, sold the land called ‘¢Cromwell’s Purchase" to Charles Hammond, Jn, Feb: 25, 1769; same tract of land bequeathed to Hannah by her father, William Cromwell. (See liber I. B , No. Tig page 304, year 1769.) William mentions in his will

three children by name. The final accounting filed by

the executor, Joseph Cromwell, Noy. 11, 1769, gives the names of the other three children. Dinnah Cromwell, who was a minor at the date of the accounting, married John Wells Oct. 11, 1761; recorded in Old St. Thomas' Church, Green Spring Valley, near Baltimore

Captain William Cromwell, a son, who was in the Continental Army. (See ‘“Causes and Accomplish- ments of the American Revolution,” American Arch- ives, 4 series, vol. v1. year 1776.)

Patience sold ‘‘South Canton” in fee before she mar- ried Samuel Chenoweth. (See record of Annapolis,


The Cromicells

Maryland.) I find the provisions of William Cromwell's will were carried out, with the exception of the division of ‘‘ Huckleberry Forest.”

Joseph Cromwell, the executor and brother, died in the year 1769, Oct. 12.

He instructed his executors to see that his brother’s will be properly settled up. Hisexecutors were Nathan Cromwell, Joseph Cromwell and Joseph Taylor. ‘‘ Huckleberry Forest’ remained on the tax booksin the name of the heirs of William Cromwell up to the Dec- laration of Independence, then it appeared in the name of Hammond. This property never was partitioned.

The property sold to Thomas Foster and Richard Cromwell, mentioned in the will, as recorded, 1735, has been the basis of traditions in regard to land titles. The record of this transaction can be found in Baltimore City, Record of Deeds. (Liber C. R. M., No. H. S., page 613.)

My genological chart includes the family of Joseph Cromwell and his children.

nee ee


I, John Chenoweth, of the County of Berkeley, and commonwealth of Virginia, Being now in perfect health and sound mind, and taking into consideration the un- certainty of life, have thought proper thus to make my will and dispose of all the real and personal Estate of which I am now or may hereafter be seized. And be it known that I do hereby make my last will and testa- ment in manor and form following, that is to say: 1St, 1 desire that all my just debts and funeral expenses be paid as soon as possible after decease, and real and per- sonal Estate divided in the following manner, Viz: I give to my son, Joshua Chenoweth, during his natural life, and that of his present wife, all the tract of Land whereon he now lives, in the County of Mercer and commonwealth of Pennsylvania, laying and being in the fork of the Shenango and Mahoning river, it being the same tract of land which I perchased of William Mackey, dec'd, formerly of the Town of Martinsburg, in this County. Anditis further my will and desire, that after the decease of my said Son Joshua & his present wife,


Will of John Chenoweth, 1820

that the said tract of land descend to their heirs jointly and their assigns forever, or to such of them as may then be living. The said tract of land contains two hundred and seventeen acres and 24 poles, be the same more or less.

2’dly, I give to my son John Chenoweth all that tract of land situated, laying and being in the County of Berkeley aforesaid, & adjoining the plantation whereon I now live, containing one hundred & fifty acres, be the same more or less, it being the same tract of land which I purchased from Jonathan Seaman. 3’dly I give to my son Richard Chenoweth the plantation whereon I now live, with all the buildings and appertainances there- unto belonging, and also the following negroes, Viz: one negro man named Bill, and one named Jack & my negro boys Ben, Abraham and Mace, & all my horse kind, and farming utensils, together with all my other live stock, dead victuals, and household furniture of every description, and also all the money which may be in hand, together with all debts due to me, either by bond, note, book account or otherwise at my decease or to fall due afterwards. Provided that my said son Richard shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid all my just debts & funeral expensis and contracts by me made, and pay or cause to be paid the following legacies, that is to say, to pay to my Daughter Sarah Taylor, or her legal representatives or assigns, the sum of one thousand dollars at the end of one year after my decease and also


ee ale


Will of John Chenoweth, 1820

to pay to my daughter Hannah Harris, her legal repre- sentatives or assigns, the sum of one thousand dollars, at the end of two years after my decease, also to pay tomy Daughter Ruth Oufett, her legal representatives or assigns, the sum one thousand dollars at the end three years after my decease; also to pay to my said son Joshua, his heirs or assigns, the sum of one thousand dollars, at the end of four years, after my decease; also to pay to my son, Arthur Chenoweth, the sum of one thousand dollars, at the end of five years after my de- cease, and also pay to my grand daughter Sarah Thomas or her legal representatives, two hundred and fifty dol- lars at the end of six years after my decease.

4’'thly, I give to my daughter Ruth Ouffett, one negro girl named Eliza, in addition to the before mentioned thousand dollars, which girl she is to possess amediately after my death.

s'thly, it is my desire that John Strode and Nancy Edmunds, children of my daughter Elsey Strode, de- ceased, shall have no part estate except so much as will be sufficient to disenheret them, as the law may direct in such cases, as they have been amply provided for by

‘their deceased father James Strode.

6’thly, It is my will and desire that the aforementioned tracts of land given to my two sons John & Richard Chenoweth, of this county, with the appertainances there to belonging, shall be to the onely proper use and behoof of them, the said John & Richard and their


Will of John Chenoweth, 1820

executors administrators & assigns forever, and also the negroes, horse farming utensils, household furniture, &’C given to the said Richard, he complying as before directed. And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my said son Richard Chenoweth Executor of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all other, or former wills or testaments, by me heretofore made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal, this day of in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourteen. JOHN CHENOWETH, Sr.

Signed, sealed, published & |

delivered as and for the last

will & testament of the [SEAL]

above named John Cheno-

weth, in presence of us:

Jor, Warp. Puitie WriGHT. Jor, Warp, Jr.

At a court held for Berkely county on the 11’th day of September, 1820.

This last will and testament of John Chenoweth Senior, deceased, was proven by the Oaths of Joel Ward & Joel Ward, junior, two of the witnesses thereto, and ordered to be recorded, and on the motion of Richard Chenoweth, the Executor therein named, who made oathe thereto, according to law, certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due form, giving



Will of John Chenoweth, 1820

security, whereupon he together with security entered into and acknowledged bond conditioned as the law directs. Teste., D. HUNTER, C. B. C. Teste., D. HUNTER, C. B. C.



In the name of God, Amen. The 19'th day of June Anno Dom, 1680. Know ye all, christian people, to whom these presents shall or may come yt. I, William Cromwell, of Baltimore County, in ye province of Maryland, being of sound & perfect memory (praise be given to God for ye Same) & Knowing ye uncertainty of this Life on earth & being desireous to settle things in order, doe make this my last Will and Testament in Manner and form following (that is to Say): First & principally, I commend my soul to Almighty God, my Creator, assuredly believing yt. I shall receive full par- don & free remission of all my Sins & be saved by ye precious death & Merrits of my blessed Sav’r & Re- deemer Jesus Christ, & my body to ye earth from whence it was taken, to be buried in such decent and Christian Manner as My Execr. hereafter named shall think fitt & convenient, (by her maiden name) Elizabeth Trahearne being now my dearest and loving wife whom I ordain appoint & leave to be My whole & Sole Exectx. of this my last Will & Testament. And as touching such worldly Estate as ye L’d in mercy hath lent me my will & meaning is ye same shall be employed & bestowed as hereafter by this my Willis expressed. And first I




Will of Wiliam Cromwell, 1684

do revoke frustrate renounce & make void all wills by me formely made & declare and appoint this my last Will & Testament.

/tem—I will & bequeath my plantation I now live on called Cromwells Adventure wth. one hundred acres more adjoining to it called Mascalls hope to my dear & loving wife Elizabeth Cromwell during her life, but when my Son William shall come to ye age of seventeen my will is yt. he shall have ye adjoining land to my plantation called Mascalls hope & after ye decease of my dear wife afores’d my Will is yt. he enjoy my pt. of ye plantation yt. is between my brother John & me known by ye name of Cromwells Adventure ye sd. Land I leave to my Son William & ye lawfull heirs of his body for evr. & to continue in ye name of Cromwells & to ye nearest of blood after ye decease of all of ye name of Cromwell.

/tem—I will and bequeath unto my loving Son Thom- as Cromwell ye tract of Land yt. I have lieing upon the North side of Curtains Creeke being laid out for one hundred thirty four acres known by ye nameof Hunting Quarter and ye Heirs of his body lawfully begotten for evr. & so to return att his decease to ye next heire of ye name as long as there is any alive & after to ye nearest of blood, The sd. land being on ye North side of Pataps- co Riv’r.

Ttem—I Will yt. my Sons William & Thomas be att their own disposeing at ye. age of seventeen to work for themselves & enjoy their Land but not to have their pt.


Will of William Cromwell, 1684

of my personal Estate till they come to One & Twenty.

Jtem—further my will is yt. all ye rest of my personal Estate be equally divided between my afores’d wife & my two ‘Sons William & Thomas.

Item—My will is yt. my two Sons Wm. & Thomas when they come to age shall have their pt. of ‘my per- sonal Estate returned to them in kind according to ap- praism’t.

Item—My will is yt. Jno. Wilmott be ye Overseer of this my last Will & Testament to see it p’formed accord- ing to ye true intent & meaning thereof.

Item—I will yt. such yt. I owe in right or conscience to any person or persons wt. soever be first satisfied, Contented & paid. Lastly, my will is yt. my Exectr. & Overseer to see me decently buried & Coffined for ye true intent & meaning whereof I have sett my hand & fixed my seal ye day & date above mentioned.

WILLIAM CROMWELL. Signed sealed & delivered : ; [sEau] in ye presence of us: lope Evans. Maruias STEVENSON.

My will is yt. after my debts are paid & my wife has had thirds that my Land & personal Estate may be equally divided amongst my Children & my Willis yt. this above menceoned Will dated ye 19th day of June in ye year 1680 in full force & powr. & verity I having more Land than is menceoned above, thought fitt to


Will of William Cromwell, 1684

make this addition having more Children yt. every one might have a shair my meaning is yt. my Land may seem to my heirs in ye same man’r & form as it this menceoned in ye above s'd Will. Likewise my will is yt. my brother Richard should be one of ye Overseers wth. Jno. Wilmott to see yt. my will is p’formed.

In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seal.

WILLIAM CROMWELL. Signed sealed & Delivered ) : [SEAL] in ye presence of us: \ Wiriiam Batu. THomas CLarKk. ELizaABETH GERTE.

By virtue of a commision directed to me Thomas Long one of his L’dship’s Justices for ye County of Bal- timore bearing date ye third day of March in ye ninth year of ye Dominion of ye right Hon'ble Charles L’dproprietor, of ye Province of Maryland & in ye year of or L’d. God 1684-3 I have called before me this first day of May in ye year afors’d ye w’th. in named William Balle, Thomas Clark & Elizabeth Gerte who upon ye Holy Evangelist took their corporall oaths yt. this w’thin written Will was ye very Act & Deed of William Cromwell deceased as witness my hand & sea‘e this day & year above written.

Tuomas Lona. I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy


Will of William Cromwell, 1684

verbatim ad literatum of the will of William Cromwell

now on file and of record in liber G., folio 26, one of the

testamentary books in the office of the Register of Wills for Anne Arundel County.

In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand and

affix the seal of the Orphan Court for Anne

[seaL] Arundel County this 15th day of February,

1892. W. F. PETHERBRIDGE, Register of Wills for A. A. Co.


In the name of God Amen, the sixth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seventeen Hundred and Thirty.

I, William Cromwell of Anne Arundel County in the Province of Maryland, being sick of Body and in weak condition but of sound and perfect Memory thanks be to God for the same, and calling to mind the uncertainty of this transitory Life, and that all flesh must yeild unto Death when it shall please God to call, and being desire- ous to settle things in order do make constitute, ordain this my last will and Testament in manner and form following, that is to say, first and principally I command my soul to Almighty God my Creator, assuredly believ- ing that I shall receive full pardon and free remission of all my sins and be saved by the precious Death and Merits of my Blessed Saviour and Redeemer Christ Jesus, and my Body to the Earth from whence it was taken to be buried in such decent and christian like manner as to my Executor hereafter named shall be thought meet and convenient and as touching such worldly Estate as the Lord of his mercy hath been pleased to bless or send me the same shall be employed, Bestowed as hereafter by this my will is expressed, and first I do revoke re-


Will of William Cromwell, 1735

nounce, Frustrate and make void all former wills by me made and do declare this to be my last Will and Tes- tament.

I will that all those debts and duties that I owe in right or conscience to any manner of Person or Persons whatsoever shall be well and truly contented and paid within convenient time and space after my Decease by my Executors hereafter named.

/tem—1 give and Bequeath unto my four Sons Will- iam Cromwell, Joseph Cromwell, Alexander Crom- well, and Woolguist Cromwell and to their heirs to be equally Divided amongst them all the remaining part of my personal Estate after my Wifes thirds is taken out and ten pounds Sterling money which I give to my son Alexander Cromwell, and one negro Boy named Tom which said negro Boy I give to my youngest son Woolguist Cromwell.

Jtem—I give and Bequeath unto my Eldest son Will- iam Cromwell and his heirs forever all that Tract or parcell of Land called Cromwell Inlargment provided my son William makes a good Title to the Possessors of the Intailed Land which I formly sold to Thomas Foster and Richard Cromwell, otherwise my will is that the above sd. Land called Cromwells Inlargment may be applied to make good the above Said Intailed Lands.

Item—1 give unto my two Sons Joseph Cromwell and Woolguist Cromwell all that tract of Land called

ee canna SEP

Will of William Cromwell, 1735

Deer Park to them and their heirs forever to be equally Divided between them.*

Jtem— 1 make constitute and appoint my three Sons William Cromwell, Joseph Cromwell, Alexander Crom- well my Executors jointly in this my last Will and Testament, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

WILLIAM CROMWELL. Signed sealed and delivered-) in presence of us: Faas JouNn CROMWELL. Joshua CRoMWELL. GrEorRGE ASHMAN.

On the i2th day of February, 1735, came Joshua Cromwell and George Ashman, two of the subscribing witnesses to this will, who being duly and solemnly sworn on the Holy Evangels of Almighty God depose and say that they saw the Testator, William Cromwell, sign the said will and heard him publish and declare the same to be his last will and Testament, that at the time of his so doing he was to the best of their appre- hension of sound and disposeing mind and memory, and that they the aforesaid Joshua Cromwell and George Ashman (Together with John Cromwell, annother sub- scribing evidence to this will who is since deceased) subscribed their respective names as evidences to the

*The words ‘to be equally divided between them " was interlined before signed.


Will of William Cromwell, 1735

said will in the presence of the said Testator and at his request sworn to before me. D. Durany, Comm'dry.

I hereby certify the foregoing isa true copy verbatim ad literatum of the will of William Cromwell now on file and of record in liber T. and D., folio 492, one of the testamentary books in the office of the Register of Wills for Anne Arundel County.

In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand and

affix the seal of the Orphan’s Court of [seaL] Anne Arundel County this 15th day of February, 1892. W. F. PerHEersripGE, Register of Wills for A. A. County.



In the year of God, And Regard to the uncertainty of Time in this world it seemeth good to me, William Cromwell of Anne Arundel County, in the province of Maryland, to make this for my last will & Testament Relating to thoes things it hath pleased God to bless me with in this world, being at this time in perfect & sound Disposing Mind: First, my will & Desire is that all those Lawful Debts which shall be justly due from me at the time of my decease with my funeral expenses be well & truly paid; secondly, I will Bequeath unto my Son Philemon Cromwell all my Two Tracts of Land called Duncans Chance, containing one Hundred Acres, & Phillips Fancy, containing sixty-one Acres, to him his Heirs & assigns forever; Thirdly, I give & Bequeath unto my Daughter Hannah Cromwell all my Tract of Land called Cromwells Purchase, containing one Hun- dred acres to her &